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Innovative Library Management Using Holographic Projection Technology
India

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Innovative library management using holographic projection is simply a library management system, which uses holographic interface for managing the library. The library management system will be projected into the mid air as holograms, by using gesture, and touch interface the user can easily manage the library in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are computerized.

Innovative and Different
* 3D mid air holographic projection of  library management system
* External interfaces like glasses are not used, the user can view the 3D holographic interface using normal eyes
* Hand gestures are used instead of mouse
* Eco friendly
* User friendly interface

The Innovative Library Management Using Holographic Projection Technology addresses the following:
* Innovative Library management
* Light blue optics and gesture based point click interface
* Holographic projection based display in 360 degree angle
* User friendly
* Environment friendly
Concept
This concept is one of my research.

Market potential
The system mainly focuses on library management, but the same system can be used for other  computer functions also.
so, the market potential is very high.

Scalability
All object in this universe are 3D object, The proposed holographic Interface is also 3D with 360 degree view, so the system can be used in almost all fields. example- theater, Park, exhibition, medical field and many more...

Implementation
I have been researching the Holographic projection, gesture recognition, and haptic technology for the past 5 years. i have also developed a video calling using 3D mid air holographic projection interface. So, the implementation part is easy, because i have already discovered how to implement this.
* This idea would replace all the current library management systems
* The business could apply it in three stages- development, marketing, and maintenance
* the system is a compact electronic device, which comes with a software CD, the user can install the software and plug device to computer using USB port
*

Abstract

This paper describes an algorithm for innovative library management. Within this paper we suggest a method of speeding up 3D Holograms formation. In this paper, the holographic projection technology is used to implement the mid air glass less projection of the library management system. The innovative library management algorithm uses light blue optics technology to provide touch facility. The user of the library can touch the mid air projected holograms to perform required tasks, such as; book search, book returns. The idea being that we only need to uses the holographic interface for performing the book search, returns, and other library operations, such as; issue of book, and fine management.

1.      Introduction

3D Holographic Projection is one of the latest innovations in projection screen technology; it focuses on displaying images in mid air rather than conventional projection screens. 3D Holographic Projection system designed to project video, products, information, and people in mid-air. It is available in various dimensions in accordance with various applications it might have, for example 3D Holographic Projection models with screen sizes to display a two meter tall person is available, thus ensuring a more lifelike and interactive form of communication. 3D Holographic Projection does not affect the environment as it works using the existing air that is already in the room to create the image. The book maintenance, staff maintenance, student maintenance, journals maintenance, issue & return maintenance, fine maintenance, attendance of staff maintenance, date & time maintenance, and internet access maintenance are the important function that should be performed by a efficient library management tool. The “Innovative Library Management Using Holographic Projection Technology” is an efficient application for maintainig the library efficiently with advanced mid air based user interface.  

2.      History

Before computer is implemented, registers are used to maintain the library details, such as; date of issue and returns. After computer is implemented, the computer is used to maintain the library details. A single computer can replace many numbers of registers. In current scenario, the person who needs a book can find the availability detains using the computer software such as LibSoft. In future the person who needs a book can find the availability detains by simply using the mid air projected library management tools.

3.      Related Work

3.1  Pepper’S Ghost

Pepper's ghost is an illusion technique used in theatre, amusement parks, museums, television, and concerts. It is named after John Henry Pepper, a scientist who popularized the effect in a famed demonstration in 1862. It has a long history, dating into the 16th century, and remains widely performed today. Notable examples of the illusion are the Girl-to-Gorilla trick found in old carnival sideshows and the appearance of "ghosts" at the Haunted Mansion at Disneyland. Teleprompters are a modern implementation of Pepper's ghost. Examples of concert illusions based on Pepper's ghost are the appearance of Tupac Shakur onstage with Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg at the 2012 Coachella Music and Arts Festival and Michael Jackson at the 2014 Billboard Music Awards.

 

3.2   IBM Research

 IBM surveys 3,000 researchers to find out what they think are going to be big in the future. This year, everyone's caught the Face Time bug, and is looking forward to 3D hologram video calls. The video calls will be projected from cell phones using Pico-projector technology, according to the survey. Other "likely" technologies we can look forward to using in just five years' time are batteries powered by air (which will last 10 times' longer); computer programs crunching numbers for real-time traffic and heat-generation for homes, from computers and data centers.

 

3.3   Aerial Burton

Most of the 3D displays reported until now draw pseudo-3D images on 2D planes by utilizing the human binocular disparity. However, many problems occur, e.g., the limitation of the visual field, and the physiological displeasure due to the misidentification of virtual images. To overcome the mentioned problems, we tried to research and succeed in developing "True 3D Display" which can produce bright dot in the air so audience can see 3D images in true 3D space. Our display device uses the plasma emission phenomenon near the focal point of focused laser light. By controlling the position of the focal point in the x, y, and z axes, it displays real 3D images constructed by dot arrays in the air.

 

3.4   Holus

Holus is a tabletop holographic platform accepts any multimedia content from your smart phone, tablet or PC and creates a hologram that is visible from four sides. Normally holograms are notorious for being visible from specific angles but Holus get round this problem by projecting images from four different perspectives in a pyramid-like structure resulting in 360 degree viewing angles. The pyramid structure is made out of tempered glass to make it durable. If you are using Holus solo, it can detect your movement around the room and project the content from your perspective in real time. Skype and Face Time calls become much more immersive with the 3D image projection of the person on the other end. Holus supports third party controllers like Emotive Brain Sensor and Leap Motion that help you interact with the hologram with brain waves and gesture recognition respectively. Holus will be able communicate with your smart phone or PC with the help of Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Holus has cleverly added USB charging docks and a tablet holder dock that not only house the smart device but also charge it ensuring longer hologram sessions. The product will be sold in two variants. The Holus Home Edition as the name suggests is a smaller variant with wireless connectivity for end users who just have to download the Holus app for their respective platforms to get started. The Holus Pro Edition is aimed at businesses and developers who are interested in developing their 3D hologram experiences using the Holus Software Development Kit that supports platforms like iOS, Android and Windows and gaming engines like Unity and Unreal Engine. The Pro Edition is bigger and has an additional HDMI port.

 

3.5   Illumiroom

 It uses a Kinect for Windows camera and a projector to blur the lines between on-screen content and the environment we live in allowing us to combine our virtual and physical worlds. For example, our system can change the appearance of the room, induce apparent motion, extend the field of view, and enable entirely new game experiences.

 

3.6 Skype

 

Skype is working on a technology that will no doubt be impressive when used once and then promptly ignored for the rest of time – 3D video calls. The project was revealed in an interview with the BBC to commemorate Skype’s 10th anniversary but it could be another decade before we see that project bear fruit. Microsoft’s Corporate VP for Skype Mark Gillett told BBC that Skype’s labs has been doing work on both 3D capture and 3D display of video calls, and while it’s impressed with the progress made in monitors and TVs that can produce a 3D image, the company still believes there’s a lot of work needed to be done before the 3D capture technology is where it needs to be. That’s because there’s too much tuning required to get the multiple cameras you need for producing 3D images angled as you need them for live video calls. Gillett said in the BBC interview that Skype has the tech working in the lab, but needs the hardware ecosystem to be able to support it before it’s introduced. But he also said that 3D video chat would take longer to catch on with consumers than other 3D video tech in all likelihood, which begs the question of whether it ever really will. 3D movies and broadcast television efforts have been seen by many industry watchers as something of a flop, after all. The BBC abandoned plans to use 3DTV tech for its programming, citing weak demand and the need for glasses as part of the problem, neither of which helps encourage the massive cost related to filming and airing 3D content. Sony also seems pretty much to have discontinued (though no official proclamation has been made) its dedicated 3D display for PlayStation gaming, despite 3D gaming being one of the best use-case scenarios for the tech.

 

3.7 Sixth Sense

 

Sixth Sense' is a wearable gestural interface that augments the physical world around us with digital information and lets us use natural hand gestures to interact with that information. The Sixth Sense prototype is comprised of a pocket projector, a mirror and a camera. The hardware components are coupled in a pendant like mobile wearable device. Both the projector and the camera are connected to the mobile computing device in the user’s pocket. The projector projects visual information enabling surfaces, walls and physical objects around us to be used as interfaces; while the camera recognizes and tracks user's hand gestures and physical objects using computer-vision based techniques. The software program processes the video stream data captured by the camera and tracks the locations of the colored markers (visual tracking fiducials) at the tip of the user’s fingers using simple computer-vision techniques. The movements and arrangements of these fiducials are interpreted into gestures that act as interaction instructions for the projected application interfaces. The maximum number of tracked fingers is only constrained by the number of unique fiducials, thus Sixth Sense also supports multi-touch and multi-user interaction. The Sixth Sense prototype implements several applications that demonstrate the usefulness, viability and flexibility of the system. The map application lets the user navigate a map displayed on a nearby surface using hand gestures, similar to gestures supported by Multi-Touch based systems, letting the user zoom in, zoom out or pan using intuitive hand movements. The drawing application lets the user draw on any surface by tracking the fingertip movements of the user’s index finger. Sixth Sense also recognizes user’s freehand gestures (postures). For example, the Sixth Sense system implements a gestural camera that takes photos of the scene the user is looking at by detecting the ‘framing’ gesture. The user can stop by any surface or wall and flick through the photos he/she has taken. Sixth Sense also lets the user draw icons or symbols in the air using the movement of the index finger and recognizes those symbols as interaction instructions. For example, drawing a magnifying glass symbol takes the user to the map application or drawing an ‘@’ symbol lets the user check his mail. The Sixth Sense system also augments physical objects the user is interacting with by projecting more information about these objects projected on them. For example, a newspaper can show live video news or dynamic information can be provided on a regular piece of paper. The gesture of drawing a circle on the user’s wrist projects an analog watch.

 

3.8 Holho

 

 The holographic communication can be a suspended tridimensional hologram or a real object holographic projection mapping, always granting your products the attention of the audience.

 

 

3.9  Femto Second Laser

A lot of work is currently going into creating Star Wars 3D holograms that can be seen by the naked eye without wearing 3D glasses, and now researchers have found a way to make safe, touchable mid-air displays using femto second lasers. it is possible to create holograms in mid-air using a laser-induced plasma display, which works by ionizing air molecules so that they release extra energy in the form of bluish-white photons that can be seen easily. The plasma photons are known as 3D pixels, and at the moment, the lasers used to make 3D holograms are nanosecond lasers, meaning they fire tens or hundreds of thousands of times per second to heat up specific points of air.

3.10          Helio Display

This technology can be used as a touch interface when it is connected to a PC via USB cable. Strictly speaking, the surface of projection is not air! It is a layer of mist in mid-air that gives rise to a 2D display that seems to be floating. This mist is formed as a layer using a series of metal plates. The source of projection of this technology is water. Here are some of the basics and ideas of the issuingtechnology.. 

4        Materials and Methods

4.1 3D Holographic Projection

 

Holographic projection is the new wave of technology that will change how we view things in the new era. It will have tremendous effects on all fields of life including business, education, science, art and healthcare. The 3D Holographic Projection is used to represent 2D data in 3D and display it in middle of the air. Generally Holograms are 2D canvas which can display 3D objects. You can find them in many places in real life such as your credit card and driving license. There you can see 3D object in 2D sticker and depending on the angle you look at it you can get different views, same as in real 3D object. Those holographic stickers are difficult to reproduce and used to indicate originality of products. Using the same underlying fundamental concept laser devices can create 3D images in thin air. This is a brand new experience to us. Every time we see a reproduced image its 2D and there is a screen. Even if you experience Wi-Max 3D, still there is a screen. But with Laser hologram there is no physical screen. It juts appear 3D objects in air. Normally in a Smartphone we see images in 2D display and touch responsiveness is also limited to 2D surface. Yes, some applications are capable of displaying 3D images, but still they are virtual 3D and displayed on 2D surface. The day engineers equipped a Smartphone with a Holographic display, the images stuck in 2D display will pop out of the phone as real 3D objects. Smartphone home screen will spread out in air and menu item will start floating near them. Once this becomes reality it will be the next big thing in Mobile handset evolution. Display real 3D images in air won’t be adequate to deliver a great user experience. There has to be motion sensor which can understand hand gestures and control the UI accordingly. When you combine this kind of motion sensor to a Holographic display, you will be able to actually touch a 3D object which popped out from your phone and turn it around with your fingers. Same concept will work even better with large screens in tablets.

 

4.2 Light Blue Optics

The light blue optics is to convert the projected screen into a touch screen. The Hand is used for the keyboard typing on the projected screen. The corresponding Value of the character will be passed to the system using simple 2D Camera. The light blue optics enable the user to touch the mid air projected holographic library management tools.

 

4.3 Gesture Recognition

It is a technology which is aimed at interpreting human gestures with the help of mathematical algorithms. Gesture recognition technique basically focuses on the emotion recognition from the face and hand gesture recognition. Gender recognition technique enables humans to interact with computers in a more direct way without using any external interfacing devices. It can provide a much better alternative to text user interfaces and graphical user interface which requires the need of a keyboard or mouse to interact with the computer. An interface which solely depends on the gestures requires precise hand pose tracking. In the early versions of gesture recognition process special type of hand gloves which provide information about hand position orientation and flux of the fingers. Once hand pose has been captured the gestures can be recognized using different techniques. Neural network approaches or statistical templates are the commonly used techniques used for the recognition purposes. This technique has a high accuracy usually showing accuracy of more than 95%. Time dependent neural network will also be used for real time recognition of the gestures.

 

4.4 Library Management

 

Library Management System is an application which refers to library systems which are generally small or medium in size. It is used by librarian to manage the library using a computerized system where he/she can record various transactions like issue of books, return of books, addition of new books, addition of new students etc. Books and student maintenance modules are also included in this system which would keep track of the students using the library and also a detailed description about the books a library contains. With this computerized system there will be no loss of book record or member record which generally happens when a non computerized system is used. In addition, report module is also included in Library Management System. If user’s position is admin, the user is able to generate different kinds of reports like lists of students registered, list of books, issue and return reports. All these modules are able to help librarian to manage the library with more convenience and in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are not computerized.

 

4.5 Innovative Library Management Using Holographic Projection

 

Innovative library management using holographic projection is simply a library management system, which uses holographic interface for managing the library. The library management system will be projected into the mid air as holograms, by using gesture, and touch interface the user can easily manage the library in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are computerized.

5        Applications

Proposedapplicationsforthereal-world 3D Holographic Projectioninclude:

 

1.        AdvertisingandPromotion,e.g.:tradeshows;in-storedisplays;museum,movieandcasino displays;themeparks.

2.        CollaborativeDecisionMaking,e.g.:boardmeetingsandpresentations;air-trafficcontrol;

3.        Militarycommandandcontrol;architecturalandengineeringdesign;teleconferencing.

4.        Simulation&Training, e.g.:virtualtargets;pre-operativeplanning;virtualsurgery.

5.        Consumer, e.g.:videogames;hometheatre.

6.        Heads-up displaysinnewfields,e.g.:a patient's vitalsigns couldhoverabove the chestduring openheartsurgery.

7.         Buildoneintoadoorjambandhavea walk throughimageorvirtualprivacyscreen.

8.         Anin-storeendcapadvertisingdisplayanddemonstrationthroughwhichthecustomercan reachandgrabshownproduct.

.

6        Disadvantages

 

1.        Needscontrolledlightingforbestworking conditions

                       Darker the ambience the better the clarity of the image projected by 3D holographic projection. External light sources can seriously affect the visibility of the 3D holographic projection. The projection screen being transparent other light sources will pass through making the image characteristics  hard to distinguish .So 3D holographic projection units are used only in controlled lighting conditions to ensure greater clarity of viewing.

                                  

2.        Windandbrightlightsinterferewith image visibility

                      3D holographic projection projects images in to a layer of air, acting as an invisible screen in the path of the projector. Since the screen is suspended in mid-air wind around the screen may affect the image projected, a certain amount of waviness is imparted in the displayed image and this is another drawback of 3D holographic projection affecting the visibility of the image. This waviness created is small under less extreme conditions as the projection screen for the image to be projected is sandwiched between two layers of clean air that is continuously flowing out of the base unit. These layers of clean air will give more steadinesses to the image.

 

3.        Expensive

                               Like any other mid-air projection technology 3D holographic projection is in its developing phase. Various 3D holographic projection units are made available for common people but it is out of reach of most of the common people as it is expensive. A single 3D holographic projection unit cost ranges from $19000 to $39000.As technology develops further it is likely to get cheaper and same is about to happen to 3D holographic projection. It is because of this high cost 3D holographic projection technology is mainly accepted and implemented in various institutions or multinational companies or museums ,casino’s etc where interaction and attraction of clients are very important. But, the proposed system is cost effective. It costs around $ 75 (nearly 5000 Indian Rupees).

7        Conclusion and Future Work

This 3D holographic interface will provide a computerized version of library management system which will benefit the students as well as the staff of the library. It makes entire process holograms where student can search books staff can generate reports and do book transactions. It also has a facility for student login where student can login and can see status of books issued as well request for book or give some suggestions. It has a facility of teacher’s login where teachers can add lectures notes and also give necessary suggestion to library and also add info about workshops or events happening in our college or nearby college in the online notice board. There is a future scope of this facility that many more features such as 3D holographic lectures video tutorials can be added by teachers as well as holographic assignments submission facility, a feature Of group chat where students can discuss various issues of engineering can be added to this project thus making it more interactive more user friendly and project which fulfills each users need in the best way possible. 3D Holographic Projection is a good projection unit which does not require any special hardware and support videos and jpg images, flash, quick time etc. we can also play games on 3D Holographic Projection. This unique technology, developed by a former architect, creates one of the most convincing open-air holographic-like images in existence. 3D Holographic Projection can work as a free-space touch screen when connected to a PC by a USB cable. A PC sees the 3D Holographic Projection as a pointing device, like a mouse. With the supplied software installed, one can use a finger, pen, or another object as cursor control and navigate or interact with simple content. As advocated by IO2 technologies 3D Holographic Projection is just the beginning of the future generation displays to come. 3D Holographic Projection therefore can be considered as the foundation blocks for the future generation display technology .A future generation display might incorporate the best of 3D Holographic Projection with some additional features like open-air display with 3D capability, higher resolution and an accurate interactive capabilities

Acknowledgments

This is a product of experience and it goes a long way in shaping up a person in respective profession and it is not only who gains that experience but a group of kind heart behind success. If words are considered as a symbol of approval and token of knowledge, then these words play heralding role in expressing our gratitude. First, my sincere thanks to Toc H Management for giving me free education and HOD (IT) DR. Sherly K K for the constant care and support, my special thanks to Asst. Prof. Smitha Mohan, Asst. Prof. Dipu. Last but not the least a very special thanks to all the teaching and non teaching members of the Toc H Arakkunnam.

References

 

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Library Management System is an application which refers to library systems which are generally small or medium in size. It is used by librarian to manage the library using a computerized system where he/she can record various transactions like issue of books, return of books, addition of new books, addition of new students etc. Books and student maintenance modules are also included in this system which would keep track of the students using the library and also a detailed description about the books a library contains. With this computerized system there will be no loss of book record or member record which generally happens when a non computerized system is used. In addition, report module is also included in Library Management System. If user’s position is admin, the user is able to generate different kinds of reports like lists of students registered, list of books, issue and return reports. All these modules are able to help librarian to manage the library with more convenience and in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are not computerized.

Innovative library management using holographic projection is simply a library management system, which uses holographic interface for managing the library. The library management system will be projected into the mid air as holograms, by using gesture, and touch interface the user can easily manage the library in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are computerized.



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Hariharan S
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